BORIS Theses

BORIS Theses
Bern Open Repository and Information System

Radiocarbon analysis of dissolved organic carbon from ice cores

Fang, Ling (2020). Radiocarbon analysis of dissolved organic carbon from ice cores. (Thesis). Universität Bern, Bern

20fang_l.pdf - Thesis
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works (CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0).

Download (3MB) | Preview


This thesis provided the first comprehensive evaluation of the great potential of applying radiocarbon analysis of the dissolved organic carbon (DOC) fraction in ice cores at different time scale. Before large-scale human activities (biomass burning, fossil fuel burning, land use etc.), DO14C analysis was used to determine the age of the ice. After the industrialization, radiocarbon analysis can be used for investigating the anthropogenic perturbation to carbonaceous aerosols. Aerosols have very different regional scale distribution due to their short atmospheric lifetime and the uneven distribution of emissions sources. In this thesis, the first complete high-resolution carbonaceous aerosol record with the corresponding fossil and non-fossil contributions was reconstructed from the Fiescherhorn glacier ice core (3900 m asl., Swiss Alps). The total carbonaceous aerosol increased by a factor of three at the end of the 20th century compared to the pre-industrial background. Fossil fuel combustion contributed up to ~32% of the increase. Element carbon (EC) had highest values in the first half of the 20th century, to a large extend caused by fossil fuel emissions. In contrast, Organic carbon (OC) showed a strong increasing trend since 1940s, mostly of non-fossil origin, due to the enhancement of SOA formation.

Item Type: Thesis
Dissertation Type: Cumulative
Date of Defense: 2 June 2020
Subjects: 500 Science > 540 Chemistry
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
Institute / Center: 08 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry, Biochemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences (DCBP)
Depositing User: Hammer Igor
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2020 19:41
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2021 00:30

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item