BORIS Theses

BORIS Theses
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Analysis and Quality Assessment of LEO GPS Data for Geophysical and Ionospheric Applications

Schreiter, Lucas Fabian (2021). Analysis and Quality Assessment of LEO GPS Data for Geophysical and Ionospheric Applications. (Thesis). Universität Bern, Bern

21schreiter_l.pdf - Thesis
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During the last few years, an ever-increasing fleet of Low Earth Orbiting (LEO) satellites for scientific purposes became operative. Most of these satellites carry dual-frequency Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers. The highly accurate dual-frequency observations allow mitigating the ionospheric signal contribution to estimate precise orbits and eventually the earth's gravity field. However, when comparing the obtained GPS only gravity fields derived from Swarm to gravity field solutions obtained by the dedicated gravity field mission GRACE, systematic band-shaped differences are visible in the vicinity of the geomagnetic equator. In this work, an empirical approach for the appropriate weighting of GPS observations is derived to mitigate these ionospheric artifacts. The cause of the artifacts is further analyzed by investigating the loop filter implementation. A tracking loop-specific transfer function is derived and used to invert the loop filter response to derive corrections for the GPS phase observations. Both methods are evaluated to achieve the best possible Swarm GPS only gravity field. Vice versa, the collected GPS observations from the LEO precise orbit determination antenna can also be used to gain insight into the topside ionosphere and plasmasphere. A three-dimensional model approach is developed using a fleet of LEO satellites to estimate a model of the electron density distribution between LEO and GPS satellites. Both aspects represent possibilities of using GPS/GNSS on-board of LEO satellites for geophysical applications.

Item Type: Thesis
Dissertation Type: Cumulative
Date of Defense: 6 July 2021
Subjects: 500 Science > 520 Astronomy
Institute / Center: 08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Astronomy
Depositing User: Hammer Igor
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2021 14:56
Last Modified: 30 Aug 2021 14:57

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